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HTML Character Codes

Short Version:

Stroked/white star "☆" – ☆ | Solid/black star "★" – ★

    – − ° ° Δ Δ α α À À à à Ç Ç
€ — ± ± º º Λ Λ β β Á Á á á ç ç
¢ ¢ … √ ª ª Θ Θ γ γ Â Â â â Ð Ð
£ £ § § ∞ ¹ ¹ Ξ Ξ δ δ Ã Ã ã ã ð ð
¥ ¥ ¶ ∝ ² ² Π Π ε ε Ä Ä ä ä Ñ Ñ
¤ ¤ † × × ³ ³ Σ Σ ζ ζ Å Å å å ñ ñ
ƒ ƒ ‡ ÷ ÷ ¼ ¼ Φ Φ η η Æ Æ æ æ Š Š
© © ¡ ¡ ∼ ½ ½ Ψ Ψ θ θ È È è è š š
® ® ¿ ¿ ≈ ¾ ¾ Ω Ω ι ι É É é é ß ß
™ ‰ ≅ ∴ ∇ κ κ Ê Ê ê ê Þ Þ
• · · ≡ ◊ ∫ λ λ Ë Ë ë ë þ þ
< &lt; &lsquo; &le; &cap; &sum; μ &mu; Ì &Igrave; ì &igrave; ´ &acute;
> &gt; &rsquo; &ge; &cup; &prod; ν &nu; Í &Iacute; í &iacute; ¨ &uml;
&lsaquo; &sbquo; &ne; &and; &sube; ξ &xi; Î &Icirc; î &icirc; ¸ &cedil;
&rsaquo; &ldquo; &prime; &or; &supe; ο &omicron; Ï &Iuml; ï &iuml; ˆ &circ;
« &laquo; &rdquo; &Prime; &isin; &sub; π &pi; Ò &Ograve; ò &ograve; ˜ &tilde;
» &raquo; &bdquo; &weierp; &notin; &nsub; ρ &rho; Ó &Oacute; ó &oacute; Ґ &#1168;
" &quot; ¬ &not; &image; &ni; &sup; ς &sigmaf; Ô &Ocirc; ô &ocirc; ґ &#1169;
& &amp; ¦ &brvbar; &real; &ang; &oplus; σ &sigma; Õ &Otilde; õ &otilde; І &#1030;
µ &micro; ­ &shy; &alefsym; &spades; &otimes; τ &tau; Ö &Ouml; ö &ouml; і &#1110;
&oline; ¯ &macr; &sdot; &clubs; &lceil; υ &upsilon; Ø &Oslash; ø &oslash; Ї &#1031;
&frasl; &ensp; &lowast; &diams; &rceil; φ &phi; Œ &OElig; œ &oelig; ї &#1111;
&part; &emsp; &crarr; &hearts; &lfloor; χ &chi; Ù &Ugrave; ù &ugrave; Є &#1028;
&perp; &thinsp; &uarr; &uArr; &rfloor; ψ &psi; Ú &Uacute; ú &uacute; є &#1108;
&empty; &zwnj; &darr; &dArr; &lang; ω &omega; Û &Ucirc; û &ucirc; &#8362;
&forall; &zwj; &larr; &lArr; &rang; ϑ &thetasym; Ü &Uuml; ü &uuml; &#9786;
&exist; &#8252; &rarr; &rArr; &#9792; ϒ &upsih; Ý &Yacute; ý &yacute; &#9787;
&#8708; &#8470; &harr; &hArr; &#9794; ϖ &piv; Ÿ &Yuml; ÿ &yuml; &#9608;


Extended Version:

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&nbsp;   no-break space
&iexcl; ¡ inverted exclamation mark
&cent; ¢ cent sign
&pound; £ pound sterling sign
&curren; ¤ general currency sign
&yen; ¥ yen sign
&brvbar; ¦ broken (vertical) bar
&sect; § section sign
&uml; ¨ umlaut (dieresis)
&copy; © copyright sign
&ordf; ª ordinal indicator, feminine
&laquo; « angle quotation mark, left
&not; ¬ not sign
&shy; ­ soft hyphen
&reg; ® registered sign
&macr; ¯ macron
&deg; ° degree sign
&plusmn; ± plus-or-minus sign
&sup2; ² superscript two
&sup3; ³ superscript three
&acute; ´ acute accent
&micro; µ micro sign
&para; pilcrow (paragraph sign)
&middot; · middle dot
&cedil; ¸ cedilla
&sup1; ¹ superscript one
&ordm; º ordinal indicator, masculine
&raquo; » angle quotation mark, right
&frac14; ¼ fraction one-quarter
&frac12; ½ fraction one-half
&frac34; ¾ fraction three-quarters
&iquest; ¿ inverted question mark
&Agrave; À capital A, grave accent
&Aacute; Á capital A, acute accent
&Acirc; Â capital A, circumflex accent
&Atilde; Ã capital A, tilde
&Auml; Ä capital A, dieresis or umlaut mark
&Aring; Å capital A, ring
&AElig; Æ capital AE diphthong (ligature)
&Ccedil; Ç capital C, cedilla
&Egrave; È capital E, grave accent
&Eacute; É capital E, acute accent
&Ecirc; Ê capital E, circumflex accent
&Euml; Ë capital E, dieresis or umlaut mark
&Igrave; Ì capital I, grave accent
&Iacute; Í capital I, acute accent
&Icirc; Î capital I, circumflex accent
&Iuml; Ï capital I, dieresis or umlaut mark
&ETH; Ð capital Eth, Icelandic
&Ntilde; Ñ capital N, tilde
&Ograve; Ò capital O, grave accent
&Oacute; Ó capital O, acute accent
&Ocirc; Ô capital O, circumflex accent
&Otilde; Õ capital O, tilde
&Ouml; Ö capital O, dieresis or umlaut mark
&times; × multiply sign
&Oslash; Ø capital O, slash
&Ugrave; Ù capital U, grave accent
&Uacute; Ú capital U, acute accent
&Ucirc; Û capital U, circumflex accent
&Uuml; Ü capital U, dieresis or umlaut mark
&Yacute; Ý capital Y, acute accent
&THORN; Þ capital THORN, Icelandic
&szlig; ß small sharp s, German (sz ligature)
&agrave; à small a, grave accent
&aacute; á small a, acute accent
&acirc; â small a, circumflex accent
&atilde; ã small a, tilde
&auml; ä small a, dieresis or umlaut mark
&aring; å small a, ring
&aelig; æ small ae diphthong (ligature)
&ccedil; ç small c, cedilla
&egrave; è small e, grave accent
&eacute; é small e, acute accent
&ecirc; ê small e, circumflex accent
&euml; ë small e, dieresis or umlaut mark
&igrave; ì small i, grave accent
&iacute; í small i, acute accent
&icirc; î small i, circumflex accent
&iuml; ï small i, dieresis or umlaut mark
&eth; ð small eth, Icelandic
&ntilde; ñ small n, tilde
&ograve; ò small o, grave accent
&oacute; ó small o, acute accent
&ocirc; ô small o, circumflex accent
&otilde; õ small o, tilde
&ouml; ö small o, dieresis or umlaut mark
&divide; ÷ divide sign
&oslash; ø small o, slash
&ugrave; ù small u, grave accent
&uacute; ú small u, acute accent
&ucirc; û small u, circumflex accent
&uuml; ü small u, dieresis or umlaut mark
&yacute; ý small y, acute accent
&thorn; þ small thorn, Icelandic
&yuml; ÿ small y, dieresis or umlaut mark

Controls and Basic Latin

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&quot; " quotation mark, apl quote
&amp; & ampersand
&lt; < less-than sign
&gt; > greater-than sign

Unsupported ISO Character Entities

Here's the reality; the HTML 4.0 specification contains a ton of different character entity specifications, including some fun ones like &hearts; for a small heart symbol, but they're not supported in the current version of the different web browsers. Will they be supported in the future? I don't know, but I will say that if you view the following material and you see Greek characters, mathematical symbols, etc, you're doing great! If not, your browser doesn't yet support these particular symbols.

Named entities for symbols, mathematical symbols, and Greek letters

The named character entities in this section produce characters that may be represented by glyphs in the widely available Adobe Symbol font, including Greek characters, various bracketing symbols, and a selection of mathematical operators such as gradient, product, and summation symbols.

To support these entities, user agents may support full ISO 10646 or use other means. Display of glyphs for these characters may be obtained by being able to display the relevant characters or by other means, such as internally mapping the listed entities, numeric character references, and characters to the appropriate position in some font that contains the requisite glyphs.

When to use Greek entities: This entity set contains all the letters used in modern Greek. However, it does not include Greek punctuation, precomposed accented characters nor the non-spacing accents (tonos, dialytika) required to compose them. There are no archaic letters, Coptic-unique letters, or precomposed letters for Polytonic Greek. The entities defined here are not intended for the representation of modern Greek text and would not be an efficient representation; rather, they are intended for occasional Greek letters used in technical and mathematical works.

Mathematical, Greek and Symbolic characters for HTML

Relevant ISO entity set is given unless names are newly introduced. New names (i.e., not in ISO 8879 list) do not clash with any existing ISO 8879 entity names. ISO 10646 character numbers are given for each character, in hex. CDATA values are decimal conversions of the ISO 10646 values and refer to the document character set. Names are Unicode 2.0 names.

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&fnof; ƒ latin small f with hook
&Alpha; Α greek capital letter alpha
&Beta; Β greek capital letter beta
&Gamma; Γ greek capital letter gamma
&Delta; Δ greek capital letter delta
&Epsilon; Ε greek capital letter epsilon
&Zeta; Ζ greek capital letter zeta
&Eta; Η greek capital letter eta
&Theta; Θ greek capital letter theta
&Iota; Ι greek capital letter iota
&Kappa; Κ greek capital letter kappa
&Lambda; Λ greek capital letter lambda
&Mu; Μ greek capital letter mu
&Nu; Ν greek capital letter nu
&Xi; Ξ greek capital letter xi
&Omicron; Ο greek capital letter omicron
&Pi; Π greek capital letter pi
&Rho; Ρ greek capital letter rho
&Sigma; Σ greek capital letter sigma
&Tau; Τ greek capital letter tau
&Upsilon; Υ greek capital letter upsilon
&Phi; Φ greek capital letter phi
&Chi; Χ greek capital letter chi
&Psi; Ψ greek capital letter psi
&Omega; Ω greek capital letter omega
&alpha; α greek small letter alpha
&beta; β greek small letter beta
&gamma; γ greek small letter gamma
&delta; δ greek small letter delta
&epsilon; ε greek small letter epsilon
&zeta; ζ greek small letter zeta
&eta; η greek small letter eta
&theta; θ greek small letter theta
&iota; ι greek small letter iota
&kappa; κ greek small letter kappa
&lambda; λ greek small letter lambda
&mu; μ greek small letter mu
&nu; ν greek small letter nu
&xi; ξ greek small letter xi
&omicron; ο greek small letter omicron
&pi; π greek small letter pi
&rho; ρ greek small letter rho
&sigmaf; ς greek small letter final sigma
&sigma; σ greek small letter sigma
&tau; τ greek small letter tau
&upsilon; υ greek small letter upsilon
&phi; φ greek small letter phi
&chi; χ greek small letter chi
&psi; ψ greek small letter psi
&omega; ω greek small letter omega
&thetasym; ϑ greek small letter theta symbol
&upsih; ϒ greek upsilon with hook symbol
&piv; ϖ greek pi symbol


General Punctuation

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&bull; bullet, black small circle
&hellip; horizontal ellipsis, three dot leader
&prime; prime, minutes, feet
&Prime; double prime, seconds, inches
&oline; overline, spacing overscore
&frasl; fraction slash


Letterlike Symbols

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&weierp; script capital P, Weierstrass p
&image; blackletter capital I, imaginary part
&real; blackletter capital R, real part symbol
&trade; trade mark sign
&alefsym; alef symbol, first transfinite cardinal



Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&larr; leftwards arrow
&uarr; upwards arrow
&rarr; rightwards arrow
&darr; downwards arrow
&harr; left right arrow
&crarr; downwards arrow with corner leftwards (carriage return)
&lArr; leftwards double arrow
&uArr; upwards double arrow
&rArr; rightwards double arrow
&dArr; downwards double arrow
&hArr; left right double arrow


Mathematical Operators

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&forall; for all
&part; partial differential
&exist; there exists
&empty; empty set, null set, diameter
&nabla; nabla, backward difference
&isin; element of
&notin; not an element of
&ni; contains as member
&prod; n-ary product, product sign
&sum; n-ary sumation
&minus; minus sign
&lowast; asterisk operator
&radic; square root, radical sign
&prop; proportional to
&infin; infinity
&ang; angle
&and; logical and, wedge
&or; logical or, vee
&cap; intersection, cap
&cup; union, cup
&int; integral
&there4; therefore
&sim; tilde operator, varies with, similar to
&cong; approximately equal to
&asymp; almost equal to, asymptotic to
&ne; not equal to
&equiv; identical to
&le; less-than or equal to
&ge; greater-than or equal to
&sub; subset of
&sup; superset of
&nsub; not a subset of
&sube; subset of or equal to
&supe; superset of or equal to
&oplus; circled plus, direct sum
&otimes; circled times, vector product
&perp; up tack, orthogonal to, perpendicular
&sdot; dot operator


Miscellaneous Technical

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&lceil; left ceiling, apl upstile
&rceil; right ceiling
&lfloor; left floor, apl downstile
&rfloor; right floor
&lang; left-pointing angle bracket, bra
&rang; right-pointing angle bracket, ket


Geometric Shapes

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&loz; lozenge


Miscellaneous Symbols

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&spades; black spade suit
&clubs; black club suit, shamrock
&hearts; black heart suit, valentine
&diams; black diamond suit

Latin Extended-A

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&OElig; Πlatin capital ligature oe
&oelig; œ latin small ligature oe
&Scaron; Š latin capital letter s with caron
&scaron; š latin small letter s with caron
&Yuml; Ÿ latin capital letter y with diaeresis


Spacing Modifier Letters

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&circ; ˆ modifier letter circumflex accent
&tilde; ˜ small tilde


General Punctuation

Entity Encoding Looks Like Explanation of Symbol
&ensp; en space
&emsp; em space
&thinsp; thin space
&zwnj; zero width non-joiner
&zwj; zero width joiner
&lrm; left-to-right mark
&rlm; right-to-left mark
&ndash; en dash
&mdash; em dash
&lsquo; left single quotation mark
&rsquo; right single quotation mark
&sbquo; single low-9 quotation mark
&ldquo; left double quotation mark
&rdquo; right double quotation mark
&bdquo; double low-9 quotation mark
&dagger; dagger
&Dagger; double dagger
&permil; per mille sign


Portions © International Organization for Standardization 1986. Permission to copy in any form is granted for use with conforming SGML systems and applications as defined in ISO 8879, provided this notice is included in all copies.


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